Kalyani Group of Dental Hospitals
       
Kalyani Group of Dental Hospitals

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Orthodontics

A branch of Dentistry, Orthodontics helps prevents and corrects dental and facial irregularities. It correctly positions the tooth, and the jaw bones as well facilitating maximum aesthetic and functional efficiency.

Causes Of Orthodontic Problems

Orthodontic problems are also called Malocclusions which can be acquired or inherited. In many cases, Malocclusions are inherited and the problems resulting from them include Teeth Crowding, Excess space between teeth, extra or missing teeth, and other irregularities of the jaws, teeth and face. Similarly, acquired malocclusions are caused by trauma (like accidents), thumb, finger or dummy sucking, airway obstruction by tonsils, dental disease or premature loss of baby or permanent teeth.

In either case, the teeth alignment as well as facial development and appearance are affected.

When One Should Go For Orthodontic Treatment?

The simplest way to find out is to stand in front of the mirror and check whether -


If you’re suffering from above one or more conditions, then you need ORTHODONTIC treatment

Suppose a child has orthodontic problems, it’s advisable to go for Orthodontic Screening before the age of 7. The ideal age to go for orthodontic treatment is between 11-14 years though treatment can be started at any age. It’s important to note that the human bone is very responsive to tooth movement before 18 years. As such, orthodontic treatment is more beneficial to a child than an adult.

Orthodontic Treatment procedure depends upon the severity of the problem and growth of the patient’s face. It’s essential that the patient approaches the whole thing with a positive approach and adopts a cooperative attitude. The treatment may take anywhere from a few months to a few years.

Why Is Orthodontic Treatment Important?

An attractive smile and a pleasing appearance are essential for one’s self-confidence. Orthodontic problems result in crooked OR crowded or damaged teeth which makes them difficult to clean and maintain. This in turn cause problems like tooth decay as well as gum disease. Other problems that may occur include abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, inefficient chewing, excessive pressure on gum tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. If left untreated, the problem gets worse and eventually may cause total difficulty in opening mouth or chewing and swallowing. This eventually results in loss of self-esteem and confidence in oneself. Its here Orthodontic Treatment helps to bring teeth, lips and face into proportion restoring back one’s confidence that eventually benefits one’s attitude as well as social and career success

If treated in time, the problem can be rectified and overall treatment costs will be less than when compared to later when its too late and more serious problems resulting in either the problem becoming incurable or the treatment costs is very expensive


Why Is Orthodontic Treatment Important?

If you’re having uneven teeth or misaligned teeth, then Braces are the solution. A dental instrument, Braces with their support system helps to move the teeth through the bone and set in order the direction of facial bones growth.

There are two types of Braces – Removable Braces & Fixed Braces

Removable Braces

Just as its name suggests, Removable Braces can be removed by the patient and placed in the mouth. They are made of wire and plastic based on the plaster models of the mouth of the patient.

Removable Braces are delicate and require utmost cooperation from the patient while being inserted. Because of their complex nature and inefficient appliance system, they are not preferred.

Fixed orthodontic braces Braces

Fixed to the teeth, Fixed Braces cannot be removed by the patient at his own free will. Made of steel or ceramic (tooth colored), they do not depend on patient's cooperation and most importantly, flexible providing solid control on individual teeth.

They are widely preferred and most importantly, reduce the number of visits.





Surgical Orthodontics

There are certain orthodontic defects that need surgery. They usually relate to large jaws and open bite cases or involving the bones of the face

Deep Bite
Deep Bite
 
Crooked Teeth
Crooked Teeth
 
Flared Front Teeth
Flared Front Teeth
 
Cross Bite of back Teeth
Cross Bite of back Teeth
 
Spacing
Spacing
 
Open Bite
Open Bite
 
Reverse Bite - Under Bite
Reverse Bite - Under Bite
 
CrosBite of Front Teeth
CrosBite of Front Teeth
 
Removable Braces
Removable Braces
 
Fixed Braces
Fixed Braces
 
 
 



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