Kalyani Group of Dental Hospitals
       
Kalyani Group of Dental Hospitals

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Queries and Questions always exist, they need to be asked to set them at rest and clear your lurking doubts within your mind.

Q. What is Orthodontic Treatment?
A. Anyone with malaligned or irregular teeth, buck teeth, crowded teeth, rabbit teeth, overlapping teeth or ones with gaps in between teeth require orthodontic treatment.

Q. What else do I have to do during treatment?
A. You may have to wear small elastic bands which have to be changed regularly. Some treatments require a head gear or retractor, a lip bumper and other functional appliances which your dentist will show you how to use. Report an untoward change or damage of the braces immediately.

Q. Does this treatment affect my performance at school/work/sports?
A. Not at all. You will only need to take reasonable care of your braces during contact sports such as boxing, football, hockey, etc to prevent damage to the braces and injury to the teeth and lips.

Q. What is Periodontal Disease?
A. A disease which affects the gums and other supporting structures of the teeth is known as Periodontal Disease. It is commonly known as Gum Disease. The early stage of this disease is known as Gingivitis and is characterised by inflamed gum disease which bleed easily. In the advanced stage, the disease affects the bone and other supporting structures and is known as Periodontitis.

Q. What happens if Gingivitis is not treated?
A. The build-up of plaque can move the gum line below. This causes an inflammation which forms pockets, that is a space between the teeth and gums. It also destroys the underlying bone. This advanced stage is known as Periodontitis. As more bone gets destroyed, the tooth can loosen and eventually fall off or may have to be removed.

Q. How do I know if I have it?
A. Some early warning signs of impending gum disease are:
GINGIVITIS: Red, swollen or tender gums. Gums that bleed while brushing.
PERIODONTITIS: Gums separated from your teeth / Pus between teeth and gums / Change in the way teeth fit together / Loose or shifting teeth / Bad Breath or Bad Taste.

Q. How do I prevent the onset of gum disease in the first place?
A. Certain preventive measures such as brushing three times a day after meals flossing and using a mouth wash are known to prevent the resettling of plaque at the gum line and therefore, reduce the threat of gum disease. You must practise these good dental habits.
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Q. What is Tooth Decay?
A. Tooth decay describes the condition wherein the tooth under a variety of harsh conditions, breaks down leading to the formation of a cavity. It starts with a hole/opening in the enamel. If this is not treated, it progressively reaches the deeper sections of the tooth, where the pulp and the nerves are causing the tooth to become sensitive to variety of stimuli, a variety of gum problems such as inflammation and swelling, pain and ultimately tooth loss.

Q. What is Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?
A. A form of tooth decay affects nursing infants and is called ‘Nursing Care Bottle Caries’ OR Baby Bottle Tooth decay. In infants who are nursed continuously with bottle/formula milk/pacifiers, the milk is retained in the mouth as the child is asleep with the bottle. This milk is an excellent nutritive media for a variety of germs present in the mouth. The milk is broken down by the germs to form harmful acids which lead to the formation of cavity on the tooth.

Q. What are the causes of Tooth Decay?
A. Poor Oral Hygiene: Irregular or Improper Brushing, not flossing between teeth, not rinsing with water or mouthwash after meals, speeds up the process of tooth decay.

Unregulated diet of Sweet Foods and Drinks: Periodic Snacks or Aerated Drinks, jam, marmalade and even potato chips can lead to the formation of acidic by-products which damage the surface of the tooth enamel. This is the reason why most young children and adolescents suffer from tooth decay.

Bad or Worn out Dental Fillings: Tooth decay might develop again from exposed tooth decays.

Q. What are sensitive teeth?
A. If you've ever felt a painful sensation in your teeth after drinking or eating hot or cold food and beverages, you've experienced tooth sensitivity. And you're not alone. It's a condition that affects one out of four adults, often coming and going over time.

The most common cause of sensitive teeth in adults is exposed tooth roots due to receding gums. Because these roots are not covered by enamel, thousands of tiny channels leading to the tooth's nerve center (pulp) are exposed. When heat, cold or pressure touch these channels, you feel pain.

Ignoring your sensitive teeth can lead to other oral health problems. This is especially true if the pain causes you to brush poorly, making you vulnerable to tooth decay.

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